Tag Archive for: historical figures

Illustrious characters of Consuegra

The municipality of Consuegra has always been characterized by its windmills that were a headache for the protagonist of the Cervantes novel and are today a mandatory stop on a route through these lands. Twelve of them are kept in very good condition, of which five still maintain the original machinery.

Located on the slopes of the La Mancha region, its locality is between the east with Madridejos, to the north with Mora and Turleque, in the province of Toledo, and to the south with Villarrubia de los Ojos in Ciudad Real. Many famous people have left their signature in Consuegra and below we will do a brief review of the most prominent protagonists of the town.

Don Quixote

Don Quixote and his windmills

Don Quixote and his windmills

This novel town was always a dream for Don Quixote de la Mancha. During the novel, at the top of Cerro Calderico the castle of La Muela and the mills of Consuegra stand like giants, those with whom Don Quixote de la Mancha fought. These mills were mistaken for giants. In the reality, they were built 13, but they remain standing 12 and of these, there are five that keep their machinery in perfect condition. They are Sancho, Rucio, Bolero, Espatero and Backpacks. The others also have curious names, all taken from Don Quixote, the most famous book in Spanish literature: Sparks, Knight in the Green Overcoat, Mambrino, Clavileño, Piggy bank, Cardeño and Vista Alegre.

Juan José of Austria

Juan José of Austria

Juan José of Austria

One of the most forgotten characters in history is Don Juan José de Austria, who is among the bastard sons of Philip IV, Well, it is said that, total, between legitimate and not, the planet king had more than 40 stems. With this illustrious person there was one of those unique periods, flourishing and that represented a radical change in the then town, was the one located in the middle of the seventeenth century, more specifically since the end of July 1664 until the beginning of August 1666, dates in which Consuegra had a guest of honor; nothing more and nothing less than the Prior of the Order of Saint John. This Spanish politician and military man recently defeated in the battle of Portugal requested a license to retire to some place in the priory, while the king looked for a position according to his person.

When the license was granted, our prior arrives in Consuegra, priory capital, where you are received with open arms, not only for the honor that the prior himself chose the town as his residence, but also for the benefits and favors that this could entail for the town and its inhabitants.

To end, the influence of Juan de la Tierra, how our prior was baptized, would also reach the religious area of ​​Consuegra, since upon his arrival he brought with him from the Barcelona campaign an image that, according to him, had helped him to be victorious and that he had found himself at one of the gates of the Catalan city.

Alfonso García-Tejero and Ordoñez

19th century writer born in Consuegra. He was very prolific finding among other works such as El pilluelo de Madrid, The wedding nougat and pumpkins or El Caudillo de Morella. He was the son of the income manager Alfonso García Tejero and Juana Ordóñez, from Madrid.

He participated in one of the meetings of the revolution of 1868. A) Yes, In the democratic six-year term, he was appointed head of Development in Seville at the beginning of 1869 by Ruiz Zorrilla. In 1874 He was appointed head of the Development section in Cáceres. The 21 September 1890, The Correspondence of Spain gave notice that he had died in Madrid “old and forgotten, the distinguished writer and journalist Alfonso García Tejero, that forty years ago had true notoriety in the republic of letters”. One of his most outstanding works was the "The historical ballads. Lives of famous Spaniards ".

Jose Jimenez Donoso

Jose Jimenez Donoso

Jose Jimenez Donoso

(Consuegra, Toledo, 1632-Madrid, 1690). Spanish painter. Initially trained with his father and Francisco Fernández, between 1649 Y 1650 he went to Rome, where he trained in perspective and architecture painting. Upon his return to Madrid in 1657, entered the workshop of Juan Carreño de Miranda, where he practiced the portrait genre. He was a friend and collaborator of Claudio Coello, with whom he made numerous frescoes for the church of Santa Cruz in Madrid around 1667-1668, the chapel of San Ignacio and the sacristy of the Imperial College of the Jesuits of Madrid (destroyed) in 1673, as well as those of the wardrobe of the cathedral of Toledo in 1671-1673 and those of the Royal House of the Bakery of the Plaza Mayor of Madrid in 1673-1674. Prepared, together with Coello and Matías de Torres, the decoration of the room of Queen María Luisa de Orleans in the Royal Alcázar (destroyed). He specialized in the design of major altarpieces for churches and convents, like that of Our Lady of Victory in Madrid, of which only one drawing remains, San Francisco de Paula begging the Virgin.

Nicolas Dueñas

Nicolas Dueñas

Nicolas Dueñas

He was one of the most important actors born in the town of Consuegra, that after studying high school he joined the Spanish University Theater of Madrid, where he took his first steps in the world of interpretation. In 1966 He made his film debut with the film La Busca, by Angelino Fons. He was married to the artist representative María Navarro (former manager of the tonadillera Isabel Pantoja). One of his best known appearances was in the series "Here there is no who lives".

Norberto Antonio García Roco

Norberto Antonio García Roco Brochure

Norberto Antonio García Roco Brochure

Norberto Antonio García-Roco González-Oteo. Republican politician and Catholic priest. Son of Narciso García-Roco Merino and Francisca González-Oteo García-Roco. Natural of Consuegra, signed the Spanish Federal Pact on behalf of the province of Toledo, in july 1869.

A) Yes, with all the historical monuments that surround Consuegra and famous people who have left their signature, During your visit it is recommended to make an almost mandatory stop for all who pass through here, such as the Scorching Canela y Limón restaurant, which is decked out in a peculiar way and living up to its name, in which they are specialists in dishes from the region as well as having grilled meat from their own breeding.

Tables assembled to give the service in Scorching Cinnamon and Lemon

Grilled meat restaurant in Consuegra, Toledo



The most illustrious characters of Alcalá de Henares

Alcalá de Henares is a municipality in Madrid that has always had a lot of history, especially literary in the Golden Age, spanning two aesthetic periods, corresponding to the Renaissance of the 16th century (Catholic kings, Carlos I and Felipe II), and the Baroque of the seventeenth century (Philip III, Felipe IV and Carlos II). Visiting the city of Alcalá de Henares is much more than a journey through an environment surrounded by monuments.

We are presented with a city full of elements to see, since Celtiberian cultures, Romanian, Visigoth and Muslim left their mark through each of their squares, streets, corners and corners. In fact, Alcalá de Henares has been the birthplace, death, passage or destiny of hundreds of thousands of illustrious people of all kinds: reyes, nobles, saints and saints, scholars, students, writers, printers, teachers, monks, religious, military, merchants, guerrillas, adventurers, politicians ... all of them were an indispensable part of our city. Four of them stand out for having had their birthplace in our city: Miguel de Cervantes, Manuel Azana, Catherine of Aragon and Ferdinand of Habsburg.

Miguel de Cervantes

The binomial Miguel de Cervantes and Alcalá de Henares will always go hand in hand. To mention Cervantes is to refer to the roots of Spanish literature, to the epicenter of all things and that marked a before and after in the history of Spain. But nevertheless, It is difficult to treat his figure by restricting ourselves to the interior of our borders: Miguel de Cervantes is not only the axis of our literature, but also the foundation stone of the modern novel; one of the foundational columns of universal literature. The Quijote, long ago inscribed in western and eastern mythology, goes beyond Cervantes himself.

This novelist, Spanish poet and playwright is considered to have been born 29 September 1547 in Alcalá de Henares and died on 22 April 1616 in Madrid, but he was buried on 23 April and this date is popularly known as that of his death. He is considered the greatest figure of Spanish literature, as we have commented previously and it is universally known, especially for having written Don Quixote de la Mancha, which many critics have described as the first modern novel and one of the best works of world literature.

When in 1605 published the first part of Don Quixote, achieved great success, which allowed him to publish in a few years what he had been writing. But nevertheless, despite the success of Don Quixote, Cervantes always lived with difficulties, seeking the protection of a patron among the nobles, which he got only partially from the Count of Lemos, to whom he dedicated his last work, The works of Persiles and Sigismund.

Manuel Azana, the alcalaíno who became president

Alcalá de Henares paid tribute to Manuel Azaña

Alcalá de Henares paid tribute to Manuel Azaña

Azaña was little in 1936 the first and only Spanish President born in Alcalá de Henares. A city that, of which without denying, it always caused him sadness because, from his house on Imagen street, orphaned him with just 10 years. Son of Esteban Azaña Catarinéu and María Josefina Díaz-Gallo Muguruza. His father was mayor of the city and, among other things, was the promoter of the installation of the statue of Miguel de Cervantes in the main square.

Tombstone of Manuel Azaña

Tombstone of Manuel Azaña

Manuel Azaña was appointed Minister of War in the first Government formed after the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic, the 14 April 1931. He came to this ministerial portfolio with the prestige of having dedicated a good part of his intellectual reflections to the Army and its incardination in a democratic State and the objective of his political action was to turn it into a tool exclusively for the defense of foreign aggressions..

Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England

Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England

Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England

Known as Queen of England and daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabel de Castilla, Alcalá de Henares was born on 16 from December to 1485. In 1501 she married Arturo, eldest son of Henry VII of England, as part of the alliance policy designed by his parents to diplomatically isolate France. Arturo died the following year, and the interests of the State led to negotiate the marriage of the widow with the new heir, prince henry.

From the union of both six children were born, although of all of them only Maria Tudor survived, future queen of england. Henry VIII, worried about the need for a male successor, and at the same time in love with Ana Bolena, filed for divorce from the ecclesiastical authorities (1527) under the pretext of the illegality of the marriage between brothers-in-law.

In full Protestant effervescence, the question became a lively controversy about papal primacy in which theologians and men of letters participated. By last, Enrique definitely broke up with Catalina (1531) and he married Ana Bolena, already pregnant with the future queen Elizabeth I. The Archbishop of Canterbuy, Cranmer, annulled the king's marriage to Catherine (1533), it broke away from obedience to the Roman Catholic Church (1534) and made himself known as the supreme head of the new Church of England. Catherine was confined to Kimbolton Castle, but she never gave up the title of queen.

Ferdinand of Habsburg, the german emperor

Ferdinand German of Habsurg

Ferdinand German of Habsurg

Fernando I of Habsburg was born in Alcalá de Henares the year 1503. Son of Felipe el Hermoso and Juana la Loca, He was the favorite grandson of Fernando the Catholic, who, however he revoked his will (1512) in which he named him regent until the arrival of Carlos I of Spain and V of Germany. He was educated by his grandfather, since her mother went to Brussels with her husband and her other 3 children shortly after birth.

The family returned a year and a half after leaving for Brussels due to the death of Isabel la Católica. Juana, fue desheredada, in favor of his son Fernando, who was granted various rents and a house of his own. When his father died (Felipe), He was again in charge of his grandfather Fernando el Catolico, who always considered him his favorite grandson. He can be considered as the first infant of the Habsburgs born on Spanish soil.

Alcalá de Henares is considered the Spanish literary city and that is why visiting the many monuments of these illustrious characters is interesting to visit a quality restaurant such as Scorching Casa Benito, which is located in the city and has specialties in grilled meats such as the yearling veal and the Iberian field bait pig of their own breeding and first quality.



Historical figures of the Vega Baja

The Vega Baja del Segura region is located in the Valencian Community and includes the southern extremes of the province of Alicante up to the limit of the Region of Murcia. This region treasures a wide cultural heritage due to the many cities that make it up, being Orihuela its capital and one of the main claim cities in the province. The historical figures who have been born or have developed a long career in the Vega Baja are many, but below we will highlight the most important in each city.

Orihuela-Miguel Hernández

Miguel Hernandez

It is an unmistakable pairing in the history of Spain. To speak of Orihuela is to mention Miguel Hernández. Orihuela Natal, the poet came into direct contact with nature and the solitude of the countryside, a fact that will inspire you throughout your life to compose. In the middle of this environment. Miguel wrote many poems thanks to the presence of nature, which was etched both in his poetry - especially in his youth poetry.- as in your letters.

In 1925 at fifteen, he has to drop out of school to take care of the goats again near Orihuela. But, while taking care of them, I read books by Gabriel y Galán, I look, Zorrilla. Sometimes he would write verses in the shade of a tree. In the spring of 1939, before the flight of the republican front, Miguel Hernández began his coming and going through prisons: Sevilla, Madrid. Suddenly, mid-September 1939, He was released.

Dragged by the love of his own, march to Orihuela, where he is imprisoned again in the seminary of San Miguel, turned into prison. Until in his defenseless organism an "acute pulmonary tuberculosis" is declared that extends to both lungs, reaching such alarming proportions that even the attempt to transfer him to the Porta Coeli Penitentiary Sanatorium is impossible. Between pains, bleeding, coughing strokes, Miguel Hernández was slowly wasting away. The 28 March 1942 dies at thirty-one.

Albatera-Valentín García Quinto

Valentin Garcia Quinto

Valentín García Quinto was born in Albatera in 1927. His inclination to painting and sculpture comes from childhood. He went to Barcelona in 1942 to study at the School of Arts and Crafts. He completed his training at the Reixach Campanya Workshop and later studied drawing and modeling in Palma de Mallorca and decoration of sculpture and stone carving in Madrid.

His work, fundamentally of religious inspiration, they embellish Holy Week in Albate and that of many towns in our province, Almeria and Murcia. Universal artist and tireless worker has sculptures scattered all over the world: Egypt, New York, Cuba, Peru, Venezuela and Japan. Featured as one of the representatives of current Levantine sculpture, He was named Favorite Son of the Villa de Albatera in 1996.

Almoradí-Tomás Valdés Ibáñez

Tomás Valdés Ibañez

D. Tomás Valdés Ibáñez, born in Almoradí, entered the Naval Academy on the day 19 October 1941 and was promoted to Alferez de Navío on 15 October 1946 with the number one of your Promotion, for which he was awarded the 1st Class Naval Merit Cross with white distinctive. The day 8 August 1950 promoted to the job of Lieutenant, being stationed on the Méndez Núñez Cruise. Being embarked on the General Staff of the Mediterranean Naval Division, on the Gravina Destroyer and on the Miguel de Cervantes Cruiser. Ranger Cies and Minesweeper Almanzora commanded as Lieutenant of the Ship. The day 1 of January of 1950 promoted to Lieutenant Commander. The day 1 July 1971 promoted to Captain of the Frigate, commanding the Destroyer Almirante Valdés. In february 1979 promoted to Captain. The day 3 March 1982 is promoted to Rear Admiral of the Navy.

Benijófar-Florencio Celdrán Chazarra

He was born in Benijófar (Alicante) the day 7 October 1899, To a child, lost his left arm between the mechanical teeth of a Ferris wheel on the banks of the Segura River. Teacher in his hometown until age twenty-three. His valuable performance in said school earned him so that D. Felipe Rinaldi, then Superior General of the Salesians, dispense with the lack of an arm to enter the novitiate.

He moved to Valencia to the school on Sagunto Street where the night of the 21 July 1936. The school was under siege during the night of 20-21, they were hours of trouble, shock and a fearful wait. With the first light of dawn, there is the assault of a crowd that shouts, blasphemous, loot and destroy. The arrival of the guards was a relief for all Salesians. Cellular cars drove them to the model jail, in Mislata.

Released from that prison by the efforts of the Benijófar Revolutionary Committee. To this end, some components of the Committee and, after laborious negotiations, they managed to get him out of jail and transfer him to Benijófar, where they released him. He spent the war in his town, walking through the orchard with a book under his only arm and, in work breaks, taught the neighbors to read and write. I was returning to Valencia, to the school on Sagunto street in 1939 where he stayed until his death. In the year 1963 underwent cataract surgery and was blind the following year. He defended and acted the trilogy: tell, read and write.

His life was a constant lesson. Parents when enrolling their children insisted that they put them in their class (such was the fame of good). Of a good man and a good teacher that Don Florencio enjoyed. It was the quintessential teacher class, of the good man, of the missing. He was the most beloved teacher in the school with no academic degree. He died in Valencia, Sagunto street school, the day 14 from December to 1972, to the 73 years and 44 of religious life.

Callosa de Segura-Francisco Salinas

Francisco Salinas

Francisco-Martín Salinas y García was born in Callosa del Segura on 17 November 1909 and he died at the Provincial Hospital of Alicante on 30 May 1987. The poetic abilities of Francisco Salinas stood out for the ability to compose from memory in the style of troveros. Francisco did not attend school, because he played truant and spent the day playing and kidding pranks. He took up his father's trade, hairdresser, and in the salon of said hairdresser, poets from the Vega Baja met as an informal gathering, that according to his niece Rosario Salinas, Miguel Hernández also attended with some frequency, Santiago Moreno, Vicente Bautista, Gabriel and Ramón Sijé, Carlos fenoll, Jesus Poveda, Manuel Molina, Vicente Ramos, Carlos Sahagún and the painter Gastón Castelló.

Precisely in this city, Callosa del Segura, Scorching Naigara’s is found, a restaurant specializing in grilled meat, both yearling veal and Iberian field bait pig, all made with coconut charcoal.