Villacañas is a municipality located southeast of the province of Toledo, in the autonomous community of Castilla-La Mancha. More than 10.000 population, Manchego villa is 77 Toledo kilometers of road communication with great thanks to the two country roads. During its history, Villacañas had a huge economic boom due to the villacañeros agriculture and industries linked to flour mills and wine.
In this sense, until the arrival of the economic crisis 2008, the industrial fabric of the Manchego town was based on manufacturing companies that exported wood doors throughout the nation and Europe; giving many jobs jobs to villacañeros. More of 20 companies engaged in the timber industry formed the industrial estate of Villacañas. Currently these activities are fully exploited without their industries, predominating wheat and olives.
With the arrival of ferrrocaril they were driven buildings 1853 as the station itself, now defunct; the old theater, the casino and cellars which are only chimneys where storks nest. But, without a doubt, the most important, from the planning point of view, Villacañas are retaining their underground homes or silos.
La Mancha town is known for its silos, an underground constructions of popular architecture made in plain where the poorest families lived until the mid-twentieth century. further, also it is known by its lagoon complex and the colorful tradition of the Danzantes del Cristo de la Viga, regional interest party held the 1 of May.
Villacañas silos are native constructions and are dug on level ground and no underpass, fact that makes it a unique and unusual housing. In the mid-eighteenth century, as a result of the confiscation and reclamation of new land and the consequent need for labor, the figure of the laborer arises; which, scarcity of economic resources, He is forced to build their own housing. To save the building materials needed, excavates the underground needing only peak, shovel, cal, sweat and illusions.
These properties are declared of cultural interest and form an architecturally unique building in Europe.
And if that was not enough, in Villacañas you can find details of the Bronze Age as the Cerro plateau Tirez. Villacañas contemporary history is combined with the Military Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, Villacañas being one of fourteen towns that formed the Priory of San Juan-based Consuegra AND UP 1230 not appear as municipality and the 1557 It would be granted the title of Villa. In fact this year he split the feud with the Order of San Juan.
Places to Visit in Villacañas (I attach photos and descriptions missing last)
Laguna de Tirez: is a steppe lagoon belongs to the river basin of the Guadiana River, Riansares River subbasin. The Mediterranean landscape of the area is of great beauty, as a mosaic of cultures fragmented by small patches of steppe vegetation in areas highlighted roughest observed.
Laguna de Peñahueca: It is a saline wetland of great beauty by the variety of flora and fauna that we. The vegetation around the lagoon and its small islands, only it grows in saline soils. We can also spot numerous birds such as terns, cranes and flamingos.
Vihucas: are a family vineyards comprising both young and old vines Cencibel among other variedades.Sus wines have won several national and international awards. We can visit their facilities and do a tasting of their products.
High road: Organic wine producers are, produced with modern techniques that respect the grape. We can visit your facility and discover how wine is made, In addition to taste their products.
Bodegas Portillejo: He was born in the early nineties at the initiative of a group of winegrowers Villacañas. Since then they engaged in the production of wines with Designation of Origin La Mancha.
Villacañas has nooks and places of architectural interest worth visiting, mainly the parish church and the chapels that exist in the municipality.
Ethnographic Museum of the Silo
The Ethnographic Museum of Villacañas born to accommodate conservation, research and dissemination of traditional culture of our town.
There have been many years he has devoted Rufino Santos to collect, restore and save various objects of ethnographic character were in most cases scattered and forgotten.
The silo itself is the centerpiece of the museum. An exceptional example of the architecture of the XVIII to XX. The silos were dug about four meters below ground level. Hands of the owning family were the main tool. peculiar house without a roof and pillars and walls. Multifunctional constant temperature and, with bedroom, kitchen, dinning room, block, barn and chicken coop. a port, false vertical window, allowing the passage of air and light.
In 1950, Villacañas had registered in a 1700 Similar silos which houses the Ethnographic Museum.
This unique museum shows us the jewel of popular architecture villacañera: housing adapted to the needs of a family, with its rod and cimbia, fireplace and skylights, their terreros and cambroneras. Trousseau and furniture also are adequately represented in the museum grounds.
Well proportioned plant has a Latin cross and Gothic. Repeated heraldic shield of his vault, belonging to the Alvarez de Toledo, placed its construction in the sixteenth century.
Inside it is to admire the primeval stone and clean and sober lines, the geometric tracery of the ribs of the vault, different in each bay and variegated closer Altar and columns separating said simulating palm crujías.
Special mention requires the arch supporting the choir and the two columns of the first bay whose corbels hold and break the magnificent wrought railing Coro. Chapels and Baptistery, tower base, were built while the nave. Chapel Cristo de la Viga was rebuilt in the nineteenth century Renaissance lines with octagonal dome shaped cornice and half and pediment over the entrance arch. Today adorn the dome four medallions depicting the Evangelists, admirable and beautiful paintings realism of the Cordovan painter Maria-Jose Ruiz. The sacristía and high camarin are later rendering concealing the apse.
Its exterior is made of stone untrimmed, except in the buttresses and the front door. Tower, in his first body and bell belongs to the late sixteenth century. The top two bodies were added in the twentieth century. The forged grating dressing room balcony is a jewel of S. XVIII.
You can visit every day during hours of worship until 13.30 hours.
The dancers of Cristo de la Viga
According to legend during a storm at sea a boat is savagely whipped. In the middle of that storm and the rescue of the sailors he appeared a Christ around which eight dancers danced and the Porra, on top of the largest beam. After this temporary slackened appearance, thus saving the crew, between which a villacañero who first brought the cult of this sailor Christ to a landlocked town is encontranba. Military Order of San Juan, they repopulated Villacañas in I'm XIII, They organized the Brotherhood of the Holy Christ, They maintained and spread this tradition. Coming the Brotherhood of a military order charges have the same names as Mariscal, which it is the Big Brother or President (door cane), Captain (It takes a small image of Christ as well as a walking stick), Sergeant major (porta cane and banner), standard-bearer (carries flag and sparkler).