What is the Sierras Subbéticas Natural Park like?
The Natural Park Subbética, It is located in the southern part of the province of Córdoba and in the heart of Andalusia., forming part of the Béticas mountain ranges.
Its surface covers 31 568 hectares of land distributed among the municipalities of Cabra, Carcabuey, Dona Mencia, Iznájar, Luke, Priego de Córdoba, Rute and Zuheros.
It was declared a "Site of Natural Interest" in 1927 by the Central Board of National Parks after the field visit carried out by the geologists gathered in Madrid at the XIV International Congress of Geology (1926), that began the promotion of its study and protection. But it was not declared a natural park until 1988.
In 2006, was recognized by UNESCO as a geopark of Spain, and included in the European network of geoparks (European Geoparks Networks) with the name Sierras Subbéticas Geoparktogether with another thirty protected spaces.
We could interpret the Sierras Subbéticas of Cordoba as a large massif of calcareous nature as an island, with average heights ranging from 900 and some more of 1500 meters.
A place of great scenic beauty and areas of high ecological and geological value surrounded in turn by softer terrain and valleys of lower altitude in which olive groves predominate..
The natural environment of the Sierras Subbéticas Córdoba is an outstanding exponent of the geodiversity of the Protected Areas of Andalusia.
The subbetic relief is modeled on abrupt limestone mountains and soft valleys with marl and detrital materials..
These rocks are formed from sediments deposited a few years ago. 200 millions of years (at the beginning of the Jurassic) until a few years ago 25 millions of years (to the middle of the Tertiary Era).
It is located in a wide sea that extended to the south from the already emerged coast of the Iberian Plateau.
The rocks of the park, house an extraordinary paleontological wealth, especially from a very interesting group of fossils, los ammonites. This group of marine molluscs already extinct, relatives of extant cephalopods, are of great paleontological interest.
In a context of typically Mediterranean vegetation, they are present 17 Habitats of Community Interest that are home to a high number of threatened species, as well as the greatest floristic diversity in the province of Córdoba, including some endemisms exclusive to these mountains.
There are species whose blooms occur throughout the year, like the lilies, daffodils, peonies or orchids, so we can always find some color in your landscape.
They also highlight a series of bushes of great beauty such as mastic and wild olive., among others.
The heights of the saws have guaranteed, a cool microclimate in warmer seasons to species that required lower temperatures.
So, species typical of colder latitudes such as the Cabrera shrew were isolated in the Subbéticas, the blind mole, the wryneck, the gray wheatear and the mountain goat.
They also found shelter Armeria trianoi, Hypochaeris rutea and Orobanche subbaetica, disappearing from the rest of the planet.
In another side, all scarps, in them, cracks, nooks and crannies… have determined the presence of rock-dwelling birds such as the peregrine falcon, Royal Owl, griffon vulture, Golden Eagle, Bonelli's eagle, Red-billed Chough and Rock Thrush.
In Carcabuey which is one of the towns that make up this beautiful natural park is located Burning Round.
A restaurant to try the most typical dishes of this southern area of the province of Córdoba, but also the grilled meats of veal and Scorching Iberian pork.