Benito Perez Galdos

The historical figures of Toledo

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The imperial city has numerous historical figures tinged with gold the story of "three cultures". Toledo is known as "The Imperial City" for having been the headquarters of the court of Charles I and also as "the city of three cultures", having been inhabited for centuries by Christians, Jews and Muslims. further, Toledo has many attractions and is a World Heritage Site since 1987.

Among them are the Monasterio de San Juan de los Reyes, Elizabethan Gothic fifteenth century, and the Cathedral of Santa Maria, Gothic thirteenth century. Toledo was also the birthplace or residence of historical figures such as Garcilaso de la Vega,  El Greco, Juan de Padilla, Alfonso X El Sabio, Benito Perez Galdos, Maria Pacheco, Alonso de Covarrubias or Juana la loca, among many other artists, noble and illustrious kings who have led Toledo to the top.

Garcilaso de la Vega

Garci Lasso de la Vega, (c. 1501 from 1503-1536), better known as Garcilaso de la Vega, He was a poet and military Spanish Golden Age. If he embodied the archetypal poet-soldier it was not by choice but by force of circumstances.

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Portrait of the poet Garcilaso de la Vega

He was born in Toledo in the home of an illustrious family and wealthy; his father was Garcilaso de la Vega and her mother Sancha Guzman. He was educated at the court of King Charles I, and joined this at a young age, learning Latin, Greek, Italian and French, while being trained in the arts of fencing, and also he learned music, playing the lute, zither and harp.

Unlike other poets of the time, Garcilaso de la Vega never tried patriotic or religious themes. The topic that was most passionate love. He knew classical literature and Italian opera, especially Petrarch, who he left marked traces in his work.

El Greco

Domenikos Theotokópoulos, known as Greco, He was a painter of the late Renaissance that developed a very personal style in his mature works. Until the 26 years lived in Crete, where he was a popular teacher of icons in the current style on the island posbizantino. In 1577 He came to Toledo, where he painted the works that made him famous

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Portrait of El Greco

Located in the Cathedral of Toledo and dated between 1577-1579, The painting depicts Jesus Christ when he was stripped of his garments, and it is considered one of the most outstanding works of El Greco.

Maria Pacheco

Maria Pacheco is perhaps one of the most important characters that had Toledo, however it has not had much historical presence in the city like other artists of equal caliber as grenadine. She was forced to marry Juan de Padilla, Knight Toledo, when he was only fifteen years 1511, the nuptial agreements were signed a year earlier, Padilla being of lower rank to yours, that is to say, that of Mondejar, family that belonged Mary, It seems that this wedding was not entirely to his liking. Although he was assigned to Mary a dowry of more than four million maravedíes

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Maria Pacheco was one of the most important women in Toledo

After the death of her husband, Toledo took from command of the revolt of the Communities of Castile until capitulated to King Carlos I of Spain and V of the Holy Roman Empire in February 1522. Because of his heroic peripecia, It was known by the people with the nicknames of Castilla Leone, female Brava, Centella Fire and The Last Comunero.

Benito Perez Galdos

It was a novelist, playwright, Spanish writer and politician. He is considered one of the best representatives of the realist novel of the nineteenth century not only in Spain and capital narrator in the history of literature in Spanish language, to the point of being proposed by several specialists and scholars of his work as the greatest Spanish novelist after Cervantes.

In "Tristana" as in "Angel Guerra", the canary author makes an analysis of Toledo clear and deep what life was like in the former "Imperial City" and the contrast between neighborhoods and affluent families and poverty verging on the misery of the poor and less favored areas. Likewise it tells us how the Cathedral fell from its peak to penury after the Confiscation. And all this as real characters Using each of the readers of his works could identify with them perfectly. That is why it is said that the city of Toledo is indebted to the novelist.

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Portrait of Benito Perez Galdos

Alonso de Covarrubias

Alonso de Covarrubias

Alonso de Covarrubias (1488-1570) He was an architect Toledano, son and successor of Enrique Egas, great gothic master.

Formed first in this art, soon he assimilated the Italian and Spanish Renaissance and various elements of other contemporaries like Diego de Siloam, Alonso Vázquez, Zarza and Baeza who considered his successor, becoming the most important architect of the second third of the XVI century. His story is told superbly by Martin González.

In 1534 performs the work height of its stage plateresca: the works of the cover of the monastery of San Clemente, in Toledo. But an unforeseen event did change the course of Alonso de Covarrubias Art. In 1537 Carlos V appoints royal architect, putting under his leadership theAlcázar of Toledo. Covarrubias also had artistic presence in the San Juan Bautista Hospital Tavera or, of the year 1541, where was the cardinal who gives name patron who makes the work with the approval of Carlos V. The facade is of Florentine type, almohadillada, marking sequences that are repeated mathematically. Of this magnitude was the work that Covarrubias would devote ten years of work. Another work of Toledano was Santa Maria la Blanca, flat building under an old synagogue in the year 1550, platerescas three chapels, the ships are opened by arches so characteristic of Covarrubias and covered octagonal gallonadas point.Gate Hinge (1559) lifted, arc-like win, under an ancient arch and ArabicGetafe Church, of 1541, will be other outstanding works of our author.

After visiting the streets of these artistic characters, statues on their behalf and historical monuments of Toledo city, a great choice to eat is in Abrasador Toledo which has high quality meat of beef Anoja own breeding and rearing own, and quality dishes in a family environment.

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