The birth of the brigands in the Malaga town of Ronda in the SXVIII century emerges from the defense of the city against the troops of Napoleon Bonaparte. In fact, near 1400 rondeños joined the troops of Seville and Granada in their fight against the French who were defeated at the Battle of Bailen making Joseph Bonaparte and Napoleon leave Madrid take command of his troops.
After the War of Independence, it is said that there were guerrillas who raided the roads and lived wandering through the woods taking advantage of the innocent and unwary. They became so popular that its image, with its distinctive garb and trebuchets, He was forever linked and Ronda. Sustained war with the French resulted in the destruction of buildings as the Alcázar, the mills, mills and crops, bringing people to a precarious situation hence the grouping saw people and smugglers en route to Gibraltar until the early twentieth century.
The bandolero in the mountains also took on other tasks, It was very united in most cases smuggling en route to Gibraltar and the fans of bullfighting, example we have José María Tempranillo, Juan Caballero, the famous Vivillo, and Jose Ulloa Navarro as "Tragabuches", one of the components of the seven children of Écija who fought against the French troops plus bandit, smuggler and matador, He sang and they say not all bad.
Current Diego 'El Bandido Generoso'
It was the first example of bandolero helping the needy. A kind of Robin Hood born in Utrera and linked to the Andalusian day laborers.
José Ulloa Navarro 'The Tragabuches’
It was one of the most famous members of 'The Seven Children of Ecija', one of the gangs of bandits best known of the nineteenth century Andalucía. His profession was torero, but he left the arena after killing his wife and her lover. After the event, He enlisted in the organized band. Once dissolved the group, his trail was lost. Today you can find references to his life and to other people of the time in the Museo del Bandolero Ronda
José María Hinojosa, highwayman known as El Tempranillo
He lived an intense but short-lived, leaving a lengthy tour of Andalusian towns, where legends and true facts are mixed. Among these municipalities is Alameda, the town where he was treacherously murdered at the hands of another bandit, "The Barberillo", I had always shown a certain envy for him and where their mortal remains. In his later years, He went from being an outlaw to be under the command of Fernando VII to pursue other brigands. In addition to what is now his grave, in the courtyard of the Church of the Immaculate, you can visit the rural hotel that bears his name, where you can find some documents related to his life. Already in Cordovan lands you can be visited in connection with this and other malefactors of the time the Museum of Banditry, lucentina located in the hamlet of Jauja, where Tempranillo born.
Museo del bandolero
In the Serrania de Ronda they lived most of brigands, but many came from different parts of the Andalusian and national geography. Bandolero Museum is an attraction in the capital of the Tajo. Entertaining way explains the history of banditry in Spain, especially, In Andalucia. It shows a romantic journey from the beginnings of banditry social problem that led.
The museum is structured around five rooms. All make a journey to meet the bandits through original images, historical documents, as baptismal, death certificates, edicts, bonds or seals. objects of the time such as coins also preserved, trabucos, knives or guns. A character, the highwayman, to know a whole period of our history.
Meanwhile history of banditry and visit to the Museo del Bandolero, Scorching interesting visit La Carreta also located in the town of Ronda, specializing in grilled meat Anoja own rearing veal and Iberian pork bait field, as well as local cuisine of the area as rondeñas crumbs or oxtail.