The street with the most influx of people in Murcia has changed the history of the city and has led to a more comfortable life for Murcians and tourists. The Gran Via Sculptor Francisco Salzillo, known as the Gran Vía, It was a project approved by the City Council on 29 April 1949 after demolishing hundreds of buildings in the old town, including the Arab baths of Madre de Dios, declared a National Monument in 1931.
This street was built to connect the north with the south of the city from Plaza Fuensanta, to the north, to Martínez Tornel square, to the south, next to the river Segura. It took more than 50 years to build, since its first works date back to the beginning of the 20th century and it had only expanded towards the other bank of the Segura river through the Carmen neighborhood.
It was in the early 1940s that the idea was taken up again, parked by the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, to communicate the two railway stations in Murcia (del Carmen and Zaraiche), located at the southern and northern ends of the city, sectioning in two (called Y for its construction), the ancient plot of the old town.
Madre de Dios Arab Baths
They took advantage of their poor state of conservation to be shot down in 1953 by order of Mayor Domingo de la Villa, after some landslides that were attributed to the rain. This demolition was very controversial despite the censorship of the dictatorship. Without the Arab Baths, the Gran Vía could be opened from 1954, And till 1956 it would not be completely clear, starting the sewerage and paving works.
Metamorphosis of the name and construction
At first it was called Avenida de José Antonio, being renamed Gran Vía Francisco Salzillo after the arrival of democracy. It currently consists of two lanes enabled for cars in a single direction of circulation, to the south (something that was established by the first mayor of democracy, Jose Maria Aroca Ruiz-Funes), and also one lane on each side of the bus avenue, taxis and bicycles in both directions. It has wide sidewalks and trees in the section between Plaza Fuensanta and Plaza Santa Isabel.
Gran Vía buildings
Most blocks emerged between the years 50 Y 60, and with the excuse of constructing unique buildings, many were able to rise to 16 heights, when the ordinances stipulated between 8 Y 12. Among the most valued are the neoclassical Banco de España and Delegación de Hacienda, built between 1926 Y 1931 (before the opening of the Gran Vía, by the architects Luis Menéndez-Pidal y Álvarez and José Yarnoz Larrosa, or the historicist Delegation of Finance (started in 1952), the Exterior Bank, the headquarters of Cajamurcia and the mole del Vitalicio (today Hispania), with the lady of Valdés at his feet.
Same style as the first residential buildings that were erected in the new avenue, such as the building of the old Mediterranean Rural Bank (by the architect Damián García Palacios, started in 1955), or that of the Banco Exterior.
Afterwards, a recovery of the modern movement schemes was chosen in the following constructions, postulates that had been abandoned 20 years before. Within contemporary architecture, highlights the old headquarters of Caja Murcia, by the architect Torres Nadal, of 1978.
Once you are away from the bustle of Gran Vía, you will find one of the Murcian districts, Casillas, in which a reference restaurant is located (36 years of experience) for Murcia, how is it? Restaurant Scorching Canovas that has distinguished itself in its history for the quality of its grilled meat, both yearling veal and Iberian pork, as well as its rice dishes among other dishes.
The Murcia region is known in Spanish territory for its exquisite and valued garden and for the many monuments that it treasures in the city that gives its name to the capital of the region and has also become a benchmark for both adults and young people when visiting the city for the diversity and variety of monuments what to visit Y its attractive healthy gastronomy. Murcia treasures up 109 palaces and then we will highlight the most important.
Cathedral of Santa Maria
Definitely, the great attraction of the city has had a name and surname for many years: Cathedral of Santa Maria. Located in the historic center of the city, in the Plaza de Belluga, This emblematic building began to be built on a mosque in the 14th century and it was finished with its famous tower in the 18th century and that is why it has different arts such as Gothic, baroque and renaissance.
Its facade is mainly Baroque since it was a masterpiece of the Spanish Levantine Baroque and the interior of the cathedral is of Gothic art, where the Capilla de los Vélez and the Capilla de Junterones stand out from a total of twenty-three. The Cathedral has a renovated museum (Murcia Cathedral Museum) in the building that was once the cloister and in which the cathedral treasure is exhibited.
Without moving from this beautiful and well-known square, is the Episcopal Palace. It was built in the 18th century and today it is one of the most important monuments of the monumental heritage of the city of Murcia.. It is an Asset of Cultural Interest since 1992. The Episcopal Palace is a magnificent example of the Rococo style, square plan, between Italian and French of sober volumes and delicate decorative grace evident in its beautiful covers.
Continuing in the historic center of the city of Murcia, one of the most important monuments in Murcia is the Monastery of Santa Clara la Real, built between the 15th and 18th centuries and inside which are the remains of al-Qasr al-Sagir (Alcázar Follow), a 13th century Arab palace from which the pool has been recovered, the flowerbeds and part of the north hall (can be visited through the Santa Clara Museum), also highlighting a final gothic cloister.
Throughout the old town there are numerous churches or monastic complexes of great value. In addition to the Gothic buildings already mentioned, such as the Cathedral or the Monastery of Santa Clara, highlights the old Hermitage of the Steps of Santiago, with Mudejar coffered ceiling.
Palace of San Esteban and numerous churches
From the Renaissance period in Murcia, the Colegio de San Esteban stands out, first Jesuit college in Spain started in 1555 and current headquarters of the regional government under the name of Palacio de San Esteban, of which its church and cloister stand out. From the early seventeenth century we find the Church of San Pedro and the cloister of the old Convent of La Merced.
Within the Murcian Baroque developed mainly during the 18th century, It should be noted from the first examples of the late seventeenth century and the beginning of the next century such as the Church of San Miguel, the Convent of the Agustinas del Corpus Christi or the churches of the aforementioned convents of La Merced, Santo Domingo or Santa Ana; until later Rococo-influenced churches (after the impact of the works on the main facade of the Cathedral in the city) like Carmen, Saint Nicholas of Bari, Saint Eulalia and Saint John of God.
Neoclassical trends came to the city at the hands of the Church of San Juan Bautista, in addition to the churches of San Lorenzo and San Bartolomé, entering these last two in the nineteenth century, completing San Bartolomé with historicist facade and nave.
With everything, the numerous visits to these monuments can be accompanied by a good lunch or dinner in one of the city's leading restaurants, Scorching restaurant Canovas, specialists in grilled meat from both yearling veal and Iberian field bait pork where you can enjoy a good barbecue of meat and typical rice dishes from the Murcia region.
The gastronomy of Murcia has always been considered one of the best gardens in Spain since it combines land and sea, since two elements that define its gastronomy and that is why it is very healthy. Murcia's orchard has always been a source of pride, although the more traditional landscape is disappearing, but not so the richness of its products. The vegetables and fruits of the Murcia garden are the common denominator in many dishes and tapas of any restaurant menu located in the area. further, of hot spoon dishes, like stews. There is little beef in meat, but a great role of the pig, cordero, kid and rabbit, and the coast enriches the menus with good fish, without forgetting the rice dishes and very traditional desserts.
History of the garden
The richness of the gastronomy of the Murcian garden is due to the influences of the civilizations that have passed through the Region. For example, Thanks to the Muslims, the Murcian garden developed, whose products are basic in our gastronomy. During the 8th centuries, IX and X the confluence of the Segura with the Guadalentín was filling with farmhouses, forming the Huerta de Murcia around the new capital. The network of irrigation ditches in the garden dates back to the 11th century, and its full development ranges from this century to the 13th, coinciding with the rise of the city and its conversion into one of the main metropolises of Al-Andalus.
The origin of these farmsteads would be in settlements of clans and of certain Muslim lineages, as is the case of districts like Beniaján. The Arabs drained the lands flooded by the river and devised a complete irrigation system, building dams and weirs, canals and ditches, raising the water with wooden wheels and transforming the fertile lands of the orchard into irrigation. In such a way that in the thirteenth century the irrigation of the Huerta de Murcia appears structured as we know them today, although the masonry works are later.
The vegetable garden of Europe
For many, the garden of Murcia is considered a national and international benchmark for the quality of its products. The valley through which the Segura river passes and its surroundings, it's called the Huerta de Murcia. The characteristics of such a fertile land, along with the teachings in agriculture that we inherited from Muslims, make Huerta de Murcia a leading European region in the production of top quality agricultural products. For all this, It is also called the Huerta de Europa.
The products of the Murcian garden are many and varied, but nevertheless, the most prominent are two: pepper and tomato. These products are essential in Murcian cuisine, although the zucchini also stake, eggplant, broad beans, lettuce, artichokes and cauliflowers. Regarding fruits, the most used in Murcian gastronomy are citrus (lemons and oranges). They are used in many dishes. For many people, The use that Murcians give to lemon is excessive.
Meat is also very important in Murcian gastronomy. The most prominent products are farm animals and among them, the pig and the lamb. Game animals are also widely used, like the rabbit or the hare.
From the pig many ingredients are obtained for traditional dishes, as well as typical Murcian sausages such as sausage, sausage, morcón, kid… In Murcia, the slaughter festival is still held, in which a pig is killed to eat and make sausages. Thanks to the two seas that bathe the Region of Murcia, its fish and shellfish are of great importance in gastronomy. There are own Murcian species such as the sea bream of the Mar Menor, mullet or prawns from the Mar Menor. further, salted fish are very typical in Murcia. The fish is covered with salt so that it is preserved for a long time and also has a different flavor. Roe and mojama are salted products widely used in Murcia. Then, We detail some of the most outstanding dishes of the Murcian garden.
One of the best-known dishes of the Murcian garden and spread throughout Spain. Although there are several ways to make this refreshing dish, the most common is artisan canned tomato, tuna, hard-boiled egg, black olives, spring onion, good olive oil and salt. To accompany the bread it is very important.
Served as a tapa or an ideal portion to share, is a dish that basically consists of zucchini, to be able to be seasonal, and scrambled egg, with onion and sometimes enriched with potato. It can be left to the point you like the most, although the ideal is that the vegetables are very honeyed and melted with the egg, ideal for dipping bread. Ingredients: 2 chives, 1 kilo of zucchini, 3 eggs, extra virgin olive oil, salt and ground black pepper.
For residents of Murcia, it is a perfect lunch or a side to idyllic fish. Ingredients: 1 onion, 2 eggplant, 1 red bell pepper, 1 large green bell pepper, 800 g canned tomatoes, extra virgin olive oil, baking soda or sugar, will.
The sweet bite of Murcia is found in the paparajotes, a dessert made with lemon tree leaves battered with a donut dough and covered with sugar and cinnamon. But that the paparajotes are made with lemon leaves is no coincidence; Did you know that this tree is the most typical of Murcia?
Murcia's pastry heritage is very varied, but without any doubt, paparajotes have become the most popular and tasted dessert throughout the Region. A dessert that will make you finish any Murcian lunch or dinner with the best taste in your mouth. yes, to taste them at their perfect point, do not let them cool and, just before eating them, remove the leaf from the lemon tree. You will notice all its aromas in the mouth.
Where to find all these dishes?
In Restaurant Scorching Canovas We can find all kinds of dishes from the Murcian garden mentioned, in addition to the best grilled meat in Spain, since it is of first quality and own breeding such as the yearling veal and the Iberian field bait pig. A fantastic restaurant to find all the best typical dishes of the Murcian garden, the best in europe.
Murcia has always been considered a historic city known for both its monuments, between most notably the Cathedral, as the illustrious and historical characters born and lived throughout their history in the city. poets, military, condes, reyes, nobles; many of these separated by the weather, but always with the root of Murcia as a common denominator. highlight some of the most important for the city.
The main contribution of this cradle of many characters has come from the world of art, specific painting, literature and sculpture, among which include Pedro Flores, Luis Garay the Costa Almela. However, national policy has also had among its ranks men murciano important source, as Saavedra Fajardo, Count of Floridablanca.
Count of Floridablanca
Jose Monino Redondo, best known as the Count of Floridablanca, He born in Murcia in 1728 and he studied at the Seminary of San Fulgencio and so alone 20 years he earned a law degree and license to practice in the Tips and Courts of the Court. In 1766 He was appointed Fiscal Council Castile. The Council of Castile represented in the eighteenth century virtually all the power of the kingdom: was legislative body, political and administrative council and high court civil and criminal justice.
Shortly after, in 1772, Grimaldi, then prime minister of Carlos III, He proposed this as Ambassador Rome and that is why King, as a compensatory act, requested name his farm Floridablanca. Five years later, He served as Prime Minister of the King, where was 10 years and it was pleasantly held in his hometown, Murcia.
Antonio Gálvez Arce, better known as Antonete Gálvez, He was born in the hamlet of Murcia Torreagüera 29 June 1819, within a family of farmers. He spent his childhood in the garden, working Earth to help his family, while he is learning to read and write at night. This part in consipraciones Progressive Party, and in 1854 Murcia entered leading a group of men recruited in the garden, achieving and the triumph of the revolution in this city.
However, two years a royal regiment restored the previous status quo and forced to train their weapons to the National Military, authenticates strike force of progressive since its inception. Gálvez, without embargo, he persevered and 1868 It dedició support the progressive pronuciamiento General Prim, which it was made shortly after control of Cartagena and Antoñete control of Murcia, thus giving the triumph of the insurrection in the province. One year later, Antonete starring the iconic Republican uprising in the Sierra de Miravete, having exiled to Oran(Algeria) After his failure, to return in 1870 thanks to an amnesty.
Abd al-Rahman II (Abderramán II)
Independiente was the fourth Umayyad Emir of Al-Andalus and founded the city Murcia along the river Segura. gracious monarch and lover culture and peace, He managed to give Al-Andalus one of its greatest periods prosperity and tranquility, strengthening the rule, collecting taxes, promoting culture and making numerous public works, as the expansion of the Mosque of Cordoba.
Despite this atmosphere of peace, the reign Abd al-Rahman II was not without some social conflicts, especially starring Christian martyrs, They are protesting the policy pro-Arab emir.
Considered the best diplomat history, Diego Saavedra Fajardo, and one of the historical figures most important murcianos of the Modern Age. Diplomat and writer, fundamentally political, represented the Spanish court in Europe during the XVII century. In fact, Saavedra participated in the complicated negotiations ending the Thirty Years' War. In the world of literature was Contemporary authors called Spanish Golden Age.
This painter was born in Murcia (Nonduermas) the 17 September 1893 and he was known for portraying landscapes Murcia, and customs popular and still lifes. His painting is distinguished from its referent Solana and closer to their environment, society in which he lives, through everyday scenes and the people who finds his way.
From his childhood he had a great interest in painting and 12 years she is working as an apprentice in a shop Grocery Juan Antonio Garrigós, where he met Pedro Flores and this He began working in a lithographic workshop, learning photographic techniques retouching. In 1930 he received a scholarship by Pedro Flores and Ramon Gaya and exhibited in Paris, in the gallery Quatre Chemins and in the Salon des Independants, However he returned to his city native, because he missed his homeland and decided to never leave more. In fact, when the School of Arts was inaugurated and Crafts of Murcia was appointed Professor of Artistic Drawing until Civil War broke out and could not exercise this role during the war. In 1943 Villacís he was awarded the prize for his work "The Artist's Family" and in 1956 He died of respiratory problems at his home in the street Glory.
Between visiting historical monuments and knowledge about the lives of these historical figures, We propose the visit to Scorching Canovas, specializing in grilled meats Anoja own breeding beef and Iberian pork bait restaurant field. further, also it offers local cuisine such as salad murciana, paparajotes or different rice dishes typical of the city.
Murcia in its history has characterized by having only one bridge to cross the river Segura, the bridge Old or Hazards. It was built in the mid-eighteenth century to the twentieth century the city had no need that the other bridges were built that holds to date, there are five.
Each bridge is constructed differently and with varied materials: from stone, concrete or iron up glass, Recently. However, the "most wanted" by the murcianos it is the first one, Old bridge given its long history and productivity.
Murcia town has up to three footbridges to cross the river Segura today. The Manterola, designed by engineer Javier Manterola; New Bridge, which has It has been closed to traffic ago and has become pedestrian zone; and bridge Calatrava or Vistabella, work built by architect Santiago Calatrava.
However, Murcia also has several viaducts for traffic as the pioneer Old Bridge or Dangers, Miguel Caballero gateway, Bridge Hospital and the Fica. a gateway Manterola and Calatrava were built decades ago and unite, respectively, the Carmen district with the town and the Infante Juan Manuel with Vistabella.
Old Bridge or Dangers
The Old Bridge is so called because it is the oldest Murcia. This was begun in 1718 and it was completed in 1742. The name of Hazard was given because in the end that connects with the Barrio del Carmen a small temple was built dedicated to the Virgen de los Peligros. They have everything who had to cross the river protection invoked by the fear of terrible floods that caused the Segura passing through Murcia.
Iron Bridge New Year
It is the second bridge that He built in the city. It is called New as opposed to "old". The increased traffic of carts, galleys and luxury carriages, and the need to connect both banks of the river It led to this bridge project 1894 which it was completed in 1903. East iron bridge was built in the fashion imposed by the Eiffel Tower, Raised in Paris 1889 for the Universal Exhibition. As the beams no They put up with the amount of traffic today, since 2003, once refurbished by engineer and architect Javier Manterola, It is exclusively pedestrian.
Called Fica to placed next to where the International Fair of the Conserva was and Feeding (STAY), space where currently rises and the Auditorium Center Victor Villegas Congress. This is the third bridge in Antique city. The design and layout are born in 1965 to growth southern districts of the city and circulatory problems in that area far from the only two existing bridges at the time. It was built by the old MOPU (Ministry of development) between 1967 Y 1969, provechando the new channeling the urban stretch of the Segura River that affected the area.
Miguel Caballero Bridge
It's a concrete bridge built in 1970 and armed which it rests on three cylindrical central pillars. bears Miguel Caballero name, the engineer and mayor of the time in which he erected. It is also known as the Hammer Bridge, to lead the most protruding part of the Bishop's Palace.
Bridge Hospital or Calatrava
known since 1973 as a bridge of the hospital (to be located opposite the former Red Cross, current Reina Sofia), now it is known as Calatrava bridge. This name is due to architect Santiago Calatrava, that between 1994 Y 1999 reformed, at the request of town hall, aging infrastructure, now a modern infrastructure made of glass and steel, with two lateral passages for vehicles and an area central pedestrian. Une neighborhoods Murcia Vistabella and Infante.
Malecón walkway or Manterola
Also twentieth century, specifically 1997, Gateway is the curve that the engineer Javier Navarro Manterola designed to join the two banks of Segura, in the Malecon area and the Barrio del Carmen with Veronicas and Almudí. Its design resembles a boat with a mast of 30 meter high that go together 45 steel braces, of the thirty hold the base and fifteen counterweight act between the structure and the artificial island, formed in the riverbed, in which he placed the said mast.
Santiago Calatrava is also the author of another step over the River Segura, the pedestrian walkway Vistabella, what connects this district with the Infant. Follow your usual and repetitive design suspenders and flat glass, due to moisture problems and slip for pedestrians, It has had to cope with a "carpet" vinyl.
Meanwhile I walk along the bridges, is always a golden opportunity to visit the restaurant Scorching Canovas, performing murcianos excellent rice and food huertana, and also it has specialties grilled meat, all own parenting and excellences Local cuisine.