Illustrious figures of the Cordovan Subbética

The Cordoba Subbética mountain range is made up of up to 13 municipalities and that it is not only rich for its scenic value, natural and monumental. The municipalities that make up this region have witnessed for centuries the passage of different cultures, of generations that have influenced throughout history, of illustrious people who have carried the name of our peoples beyond our borders. There have been many prominent figures in each municipality and all with a common denominator: the enormous love for his people. In this article we will review the career path of 5 illustrious characters in different localities of the Subbética.

Niceto Alcalá Mora / Priego de Córdoba (Córdoba)

Niceto Alcala Mora

Niceto Alcala Mora

Spanish politician, first president of the Second Republic (Priego, Córdoba, 1877-Buenos Aires, 1949). He participated in the politics of the Restoration from the ranks of the Liberal Party, becoming Minister of Development (1917-18) and the war (1922-23) in both governments of García Prieto.

He was elected President of the Republic, a position he held for five years with loyalty to the Constitution; during the first biennium it came into conflict with the predominant left forces; but his relationship with the right-wing parties that triumphed in the elections of 1933. In Priego de Córdoba you can currently visit the Birthplace and Museum of Niceto Alcalá Zamora, a beautiful 19th century manor house renovated at the beginning of the century, located on calle Río nº 33.

Juan Varela / Cordoba goat (Córdoba)

Juan Varela

Juan Varela

Was born 18 October 1824 in Goat, Córdoba, in the bosom of an aristocratic family. He entered the diplomatic service as a companion to the Duke of Rivas, ambassador in Naples, where he devoted himself to reading and studying Greek. It is admitted in the year 1861 at the Royal Spanish Academy.

As a novelist, was the author of Pepita Jiménez (1873), The illusions of doctor Faustino (1875), Doña Luz (1879) and Juanita the long (1895). He was the most European figure of the S. XIX Spanish, reflected in the open and conciliatory mood of his work. In this town of the Subbética you can find today the ‘Valerian Routes’, a walk through the various places in the town that the author cites in his works. He died in Madrid on 18 April 1905.

José Álvarez Cubero / Priego (Córdoba)

Portrait of José Álvarez Cubero

Portrait of José Álvarez Cubero

José Álvarez Cubero was born in Priego, Córdoba, in 1768. He was the son of a stonemason and it was his father who taught him the trade, so since he was a child he was familiar with working in marble. He began his training in Córdoba and Granada and later traveled to Madrid to enter the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. In 1799 got a pension to study in Paris and Rome.

In Paris, came into contact with the neoclassical environment that arose around the figure of David and did anatomical dissection practices at the College of Medicine. During this stay, made statue of Ganymede, with which he obtained a gold medal in 1804.

José Álvarez Cubero is one of the main figures of neoclassicism, being considered the best sculptor of the Spanish neoclassical period. His work exerted an important influence on sculptors of later generations, including his son José Álvarez Bouquel and Ponciano Ponzano.

José María "El Tempranillo" / Jauja (Lucena, Córdoba)

Juan & quot; El Tempranillo"

Juan “Tempranillo”

(She was a bandit who performed in the Serranía de Ronda. With only 15 years begins his life as a bandit. He initially joins the band of the Children of Ecija, but soon he leads his own party and his forays become famous, gaining fame of ” Robin Hood” who robs the rich to help the poor. From Ronda to Ecija and from Estepa to Lucena the bandits challenged the troops of Fernando VII unable to capture the robbers.

In the middle of a fight between bandits, the day 23 September 1833, “the Tempranillo”, near a ranch he had in Alameda (Málaga), ran into an ambush from a former partner, “the Barberillo”, who fatally shot him, ending his life with 28 years. Currently there is the tourist route ‘Tierras de José María‘ el Tempranillo ’that recreates the last moments of the bandits life.

Juan Fernandez Cruz / (Jaén)

Born in Jaén on 13 July 1925. In 1957 settles in Zuheros, and from there begins an intense relationship with this municipality, of who would become Mayor and Official Chronicler. His great research work earned him admission to the Royal Academy of Córdoba. He was the Juan Valera National Award, and in recognition of their work, the Museum of Folk Arts and Customs of Zuheros bears his name.

With visits to the different municipalities of the Subbética Cordobesa, one of the most charming towns and the best gastronomy is in Carcabuey in the Scorching restaurant La Ronda, with specialty in dishes from the region and the Subbética mountain range as well as grilled meat that has its own breeding of yearling veal and Iberian field bait pig.

photo Scorching main dining Meson La Ronda

Scorching main dining Meson La Ronda



The Sierra Subbética Cordoba is an ideal region for those who love hiking in nature. Landscapes and variety of routes offered this mountain range is the perfect combination between nature and sport. In fact, It was recognized in 2006 por la UNESCO as a Geopark. Then, We discuss the most beautiful and popular routes in the Subbética

 Sierra route of the Horse (Almedinilla)

This trail singular born at the foot of the Sierra of the Albayate, next to the Historical Museum of Almedinilla. All the way runs along an ancient Roman road parallel to the river and tour Caicena 40 minutes take us to the spectacular waterfall of El Salto of the Horse and I agree with an old Roman road.

An image of the Sierra route of the Horse (Almedinilla)

We are at the foot of the Tajo de Las Llanas, very interesting geological formation corresponding to a platform travertine: Sedimentary rock partially biological origin. We appreciate many small cavities, shelter lesser kestrels, Play Now, owls, pigeons ... as well as humans since prehistoric times in places like the Cave of the Barriguches, travertine rock which was already used by the Romans as a quarry. This road will take us through the ruins of various flour mills (century. XIX) moved by the force of the river, Mills tower or cube that was up to ten along the river.

Road Peñaparda

This route takes approximately one half hour and has a circular path 5 kilometers around. The trail starts next to the bar "pool", The road descends gently in the shade of a pine forest with a beautiful view. We will soon find on the left with a small vertical drop, so it is necessary to pay special attention, This is known as the cave covacha the Peñaparda, as it is known the name of this route.

An image of the river Genil

Then a corridor between rocks, from which we can contemplate the Renaissance bridge (S. XVI) and the understory of the River Genil, It will lead to the passage of the stream Gresante. We pass next to the ruins of the farmhouse and we will walk to the side of the river, of varied vegetation where nest some species of waterfowl. We reach the spectacular road bridge Malaga and the remains of an old waterwheel, We begin an upgrade of what was once the Arab castle, Gomez Arias, being in front of the medieval Torreón, known for the site of the Hacho. The trail runs between orchards and an old quarry. After some crossings reach a paved road connecting with the farmhouse of Molina, turn left and walk through it, between olive trees and pines, until you get back to the campsite Los Canos de Benamejí.

The route Tiñosa (Priego de Córdoba)

With a length of 16 kilometers (without climbing La Tiñosa), this route of the Camino Alto or old Rute next to the Avenue of Spain Priego de Córdoba. We continue this journey leaving left Quarries Chichaque and out to the road to Navasequilla.

Rise to the famous Tiñosa

Towards the foot of the Tiñosa (highest point of the Cordovan geography) I will continue along the road known as Mayorazgo-Peñuela, in which the end of the journey Cortijo Las Chozas Toledo, just below the Tiñosa.

For more experienced hikers who want to climb to the top, You can make up the north face, Rise known for 'The Ghost', although softer and rise on the west side. At the top of La Tiñosa we find a metal box where the mountaineer can record whizzing.

Route Buitreras (Luque-Carcabuey)

This trail begins in the village of Luque and after a few 18 kilometers reaches Carcabuey. Its difficulty is medium and has a variant that reaches the Source of the Hawthorn and the farmhouse of the Osa, to finally take us back to the main trail.

An image during Route Buitreras

On the side of Luque is a variant of the path that leads to the Source of the Hawthorn, through the farmhouse of the Osa to return then to the main trail. After passing the Cortijo de La Nava, and before refitting the port crossed by the Sierra de la Lastra and the hill of Abuchite, It is passed through the poljé of Nava de Luque. The tour ends in the vicinity of Carcabuey.

Taking this route through the town of Carcabuey Scorching is a magnificent restaurant that has specialties in local dishes such as stew or Andalusian gazpacho style; and especially grilled meat own upbringing as is the Anoja beef and Iberian pork.


In the center of the region is Carcabuey (Córdoba). hogging practically most of the municipality Natural Park Subbetic, this small olive-farming town runs under his stronghold unwavering, Castle Carcabuey, for the most part of the story It has served to protect their traditions and maintain its history to host tourists with open arms.

In this Cordovan locality you can see many historical monuments, places of interest, nature, and its well-known festivals and traditions in Spain. Among the monuments and charming places that tourists can discover its beauty stands the castle Carcabuey, although there other buildings of interest also deserve special mention for their history and tradition.

Castle Carcabuey

Castle entrance Carcabuey
Overview of the Castle of Carcabuey

The Castle Carcabuey throughout its history has been a strategic point very important to control all roads in the region., already that from him all the roads that connect this region of the controlled subbética.

As demonstrates the discovery of a bronze sword 1200 a.C. (It is preserved in the British Museum in London) This place was already busy at this time. During the Middle Ages became famous as the Castle of Faithfulness. The bastion still talks his courtyard and rises on a rocky promontory overlooking the village.

Hermitage Castle

Hermitage Castle Carcabuey

In Inside the castle stands a temple in honor of the Virgin, which took the invocation of the Castle by where it is located. probably this church, It is rising during the years of Medievo, was the first parish of this town.

It was very possibly the first parish church of Carcabuey. Located in the inside the walls, It was reduced to a simple chapel. Already in the century XVIII, several reforms granted him a new look and Baroque, due damage by the earthquake 19 May 1951. The cover is located on the right side of the church and is formed by an arch brick point, framed by pilasters and entablature crowned by small pinjante

Church of Our Lady of the Assumption

Interior of the Church of Our Lady of the Assumption of Carcabuey

founded in the fourteenth century. Inside stands the Capilla del Sagrario, keeping Christ of Bores of Alonso de Mena. On the other hand, at one end of the village that hike the sober silhouette of the Church of San Marcos (late s. XVI). At Temple is headquartered, since 1671, the School of Christ, in charge of Congregation of St. Philip Neri.

Ermita de Santa Ana

Ermita de Santa Ana in Carcabuey

During 1583 the Chapel of Santa Ana was founded. In the eighteenth century altarpiece is blanket the image of the saint holder. Also a St. Francis of Assisi and Our Lady of Aurora, of great devotion in the town and related party String Toro. Meanwhile, in Mount Calvary Carcabuey is a chapel dedicated to Santo Cristo (s. XVIII). She is accessed by a path Via Crucis with fourteen stations penitential.

Shrine of Our Lady of Anguish

Shrine of Our Lady of Sorrows

In the ancient street Parras, Today Obispo Pérez Muñoz, It is the Temple of the Our Lady of Sorrows (s. XVIII). From there it was where goodbye festively young people when they went to fulfill military service. East curious shrine houses a statue of the Virgin made in polychrome wood, of the century XVIII. It houses the image of Our Lady of Sorrows is one size polychrome wood attributed to the school in Granada and fechable around the last third of the eighteenth century. It has recently been restored bandstand intervention focusing on the deck and columns, enclosure the shrine to protect the image from the weather.

As well include the Church of San Marcos and the National Historical Museum Carcabuey as places to visit on the break to the town of Carcabuey. In ardededores, There are several nearby hiking as Cabra and Priego de Córdoba, two locations that can be visited during the morning given its proximity. Another option is to go to Zuheros and its interesting Cave Murciélagos.

To visit Carcabuey, If you have to choose the ideal date should remember the colorful festival of "bull rope" or during the festival of Body of Christ, date marked by the town and surrounding areas for its tradition and history. In between visits to emblematic buildings of the town you can take to make a stop along the way and eat at Meson Abrasador La Ronda, Specialists in grilled meat Anoja own rearing veal and Iberian pork bait countryside and local cuisine.

Valentine menu La Ronda

VALENTINES Scorching menu Meson La Ronda


Valentine Salad (mezclun, strawberries, fresh cheese, walnuts and raspberry vinaigrette

Table of sausages

Tataky steak with pistachio praline

Second choice

Dam steak with baked potato

He Iberian Tournedos with potatoes and olive sauce and honey

Cod with honey garlic aioli black

Swordfish with vegetables and orange lactonesa



white semisweet 10.12

Raising red B

Pozanco sparkling muscat

25 euros per person

Carcabuey, bastion of Sierra Subbética

Heart. Bastion. historical wealth. Of any of the above adjectives could describe Carcabuey. In this municipality, located 642 meters above the sea level, It is located in Córdoba, inside of the Park National Sierras Subbéticas, this being the heart of its great beauty. its mountains host the highest peak in the province, with 1.570 meters high. For his town run the rivers Palancar and Morisco, and peaks rise like Lobatejo or Puerto Escano.

In As for its historical richness is the medieval castle, which has served central axis of the different cultures that inhabited, leaving thus a excelsa footprint gastronomical, architectural Y traditions, including its boom is in the celebration of Corpus Christi pay tribute to the Eucharist. In fact, Its name comes from the time Roman, Arabic phonetically going by the name of Karkabul. Thus he was born Carcabuey. Its name means mountain pass, because of its high peaks as are the Lobatejo (1.380 meters), Puerto Escano (1.032 meters) and Gallinera (1.097 meters). The Church of the Assumption also among the most Featured as architectural wealth.

One of the most concerning historical monuments of the Sierra subbética
Medieval Castle Carcabuey

Medieval castle

  • History: On a hill dominating all the area stands this mass of limestone. The entrance is sighted the Natural Park irregularities and the whole village plant. For their deeds historical was called the Castle and Castle Treason Fidelity by the legend that tells the defeat of Nuño But Tello, governor strength in 1282, when he lost his daughter here to be faithful to the king.
one of the churches in the town of Carcabuey, bastion of Sierra subbética
Church of the Assumption located in the town of Carcabuey

Church of the Assumption

  • History: located in a privileged, It is visible from most of its urban design, which gives hallmark. Fourteenth century, and further reforms XVII and XVIII. Inside, hosts samples imagery as grenadine Christ of Bores of Alonso de Mena.

Regarding gastronomy, in the municipality of Carcabuey it has always been played by traditional killings, extracting the sausage and sausage main food highlight. They offer varieties such as sausage and onion are main ingredients of main dishes like bean soup "Amonas"Preparing the Inn Abrasador La Ronda. the chanfainas It is also one of the most traditional foods of Carcabuey.

Scorching Chafainas Meson La Ronda
meson scorching traditional dish round
Meson La Ronda beans

Among their crops, In addition to the olive trees that is the main protagonist as a result, also highlights quince. The town and this food are closely related, resulting in the perfect complement olive oil through its marketing both Kurd and juice or wine.

Fruit of great importance in Carcabuey, quince
Fruit of great importance in Carcabuey, quince

Traditionally, quince always It has been a product of carcabulense garden, however it has been for the recent decades when it has gained greater prominence thanks in part to the Almazaras cooperative Subbética, who is responsible for marketing almost 100% Product is collected in the locality. Currently the Quince is the second crop of Carcabuey only behind that of the olive.

Carcabuey also holds routes Very interesting walkers for walkers and cyclists. The "Path of Dura Source", "Sendero de la Cañada Hornillos", "The Luca" or Peñarrubia are some of the most prominent mountainous routes in the municipality carcabulense.

One of the places on the route of Carcabuey
Places in the route Carcabuey

in short, Carcabuey resume Excellent gastronomy, architectural richness and great historical tradition. You can even enjoy hiking trails. For the more daring is is the "Route of the Caliphate", an adventure of the spirit; from Cordoba to Pomegranate.

In this sense, you can also use this route to eat and choose a good choice as is Scorching Meson La Ronda, Specialists in grilled meat, Anoja specifically the beef and Iberian pork bait field, and native cuisine such as the "Chafainas" or "Ammonas.