The Cordoba Subbética mountain range is made up of up to 13 municipalities and that it is not only rich for its scenic value, natural and monumental. The municipalities that make up this region have witnessed for centuries the passage of different cultures, of generations that have influenced throughout history, of illustrious people who have carried the name of our peoples beyond our borders. There have been many prominent figures in each municipality and all with a common denominator: the enormous love for his people. In this article we will review the career path of 5 illustrious characters in different localities of the Subbética.
Niceto Alcalá Mora / Priego de Córdoba (Córdoba)
Spanish politician, first president of the Second Republic (Priego, Córdoba, 1877-Buenos Aires, 1949). He participated in the politics of the Restoration from the ranks of the Liberal Party, becoming Minister of Development (1917-18) and the war (1922-23) in both governments of García Prieto.
He was elected President of the Republic, a position he held for five years with loyalty to the Constitution; during the first biennium it came into conflict with the predominant left forces; but his relationship with the right-wing parties that triumphed in the elections of 1933. In Priego de Córdoba you can currently visit the Birthplace and Museum of Niceto Alcalá Zamora, a beautiful 19th century manor house renovated at the beginning of the century, located on calle Río nº 33.
Juan Varela / Cordoba goat (Córdoba)
Was born 18 October 1824 in Goat, Córdoba, in the bosom of an aristocratic family. He entered the diplomatic service as a companion to the Duke of Rivas, ambassador in Naples, where he devoted himself to reading and studying Greek. It is admitted in the year 1861 at the Royal Spanish Academy.
As a novelist, was the author of Pepita Jiménez (1873), The illusions of doctor Faustino (1875), Doña Luz (1879) and Juanita the long (1895). He was the most European figure of the S. XIX Spanish, reflected in the open and conciliatory mood of his work. In this town of the Subbética you can find today the ‘Valerian Routes’, a walk through the various places in the town that the author cites in his works. He died in Madrid on 18 April 1905.
José Álvarez Cubero / Priego (Córdoba)
José Álvarez Cubero was born in Priego, Córdoba, in 1768. He was the son of a stonemason and it was his father who taught him the trade, so since he was a child he was familiar with working in marble. He began his training in Córdoba and Granada and later traveled to Madrid to enter the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. In 1799 got a pension to study in Paris and Rome.
In Paris, came into contact with the neoclassical environment that arose around the figure of David and did anatomical dissection practices at the College of Medicine. During this stay, made statue of Ganymede, with which he obtained a gold medal in 1804.
José Álvarez Cubero is one of the main figures of neoclassicism, being considered the best sculptor of the Spanish neoclassical period. His work exerted an important influence on sculptors of later generations, including his son José Álvarez Bouquel and Ponciano Ponzano.
José María "El Tempranillo" / Jauja (Lucena, Córdoba)
(She was a bandit who performed in the Serranía de Ronda. With only 15 years begins his life as a bandit. He initially joins the band of the Children of Ecija, pero pronto encabeza su propia partida y sus correrías se hacen célebres tomando fama de ” Robin Hood” que roba a los ricos para ayudar a los pobres. From Ronda to Ecija and from Estepa to Lucena the bandits challenged the troops of Fernando VII unable to capture the robbers.
In the middle of a fight between bandits, the day 23 September 1833, “el Tempranillo”, near a ranch he had in Alameda (Málaga), ran into an ambush from a former partner, “el Barberillo”, who fatally shot him, ending his life with 28 years. Currently there is the tourist route ‘Tierras de José María‘ el Tempranillo ’that recreates the last moments of the bandits life.
Juan Fernandez Cruz / (Jaén)
Born in Jaén on 13 July 1925. In 1957 settles in Zuheros, and from there begins an intense relationship with this municipality, of who would become Mayor and Official Chronicler. His great research work earned him admission to the Royal Academy of Córdoba. He was the Juan Valera National Award, and in recognition of their work, the Museum of Folk Arts and Customs of Zuheros bears his name.
With visits to the different municipalities of the Subbética Cordobesa, one of the most charming towns and the best gastronomy is in Carcabuey in the Scorching restaurant La Ronda, with specialty in dishes from the region and the Subbética mountain range as well as grilled meat that has its own breeding of yearling veal and Iberian field bait pig.